Second Era Computers
The computer systems built in the 1950s and 1960s are the 2nd technology computers. These computers use the transistors created by Bells Telephone labs and they acquired many of the same components as the modern-day computer. As an example, 2nd generation computers typically had a printing device, some sort of tape or perhaps disk safe-keeping, operating systems, placed programs, along with some sort of memory. These types of computers were also generally more reliable and were solid in design. 1957: FORTRAN
FORTRAN, an acronym for Formula Translator was the initial successful coding language. This language used words and sentences rather than the binary equipment codes that had been commonplace in computers prior to the 1950s. FORTRAN could be browse by everyone else with no past programming experience or knowledge, and it made it less difficult for personal computers to be programmed. FORTRAN was extremely within that presented a single statement, many guidance would be developed. FORTAN made programs which were just as great as all those produced by man programmers. Not only was it one of the most good programming 'languages' ever, but it also dominated a great many other languages for many years.
COBOL, the most popular Business Oriented Language, was invented in the 50s. This is a business programming vocabulary that allowed for computer courses to be easily read.
DECEMBER, or the Digital Equipment Company was founded simply by Kenneth Olsen and Harland Anderson in 1957. In 1960, DECEMBER introduced the Programmed Data Processor, or perhaps PDP-1. The PDP-1 was obviously a mainframe pc famous for it is low costs. Compared to other computers that generally could prove costly than $1 million dollars, at " only" about $120, 000 the PDP-1 was considered genuinely cheap! The PDP-1 could possibly be sold at this kind of a low selling price because it did not contain many advanced peripherals and software. In other computer systems, these advanced systems amounted to nearly 80% from the computers' price....