EndyzNotes/IGNOU/MEG apr: Aspects of language/Block -01/01
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Q. 1: What is language?
Talk about the characteristic of individual language? (4+16)
Ans: The term language have been defined in a different way by each person. It is not easy to define dialect. Most common persons define this as a means of Communication. Pertaining to the specialist grammarian, dialect is the pairing of a lexicon and some rules of syntax. However as we might find language is far more complex and we need to produce a sustained effort to explore its character and composition. Fromkin and Rodnian described it as 'Language is that system with which sounds and meanings happen to be related'. Brown defines, 'Language is the most advanced and versatile means available to humans for the communication of meaning'. 'Language is purely human and non-instinctive method of communicating concepts, emotions and desires by means of voluntarily developed symbols as described by simply Sapir in 1921. 'Language is the organization whereby human beings communicate and interact with each other by means of constantly used oral-auditory arbitrary symbols' is called simply by Hall. Once again, Trager identifies a language is a approach to arbitrary singing symbols by way of which the associates of a society interact with regards to their total culture as per Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. 1989, Language is known as a 'System of sounds, terms, patterns, etc, used by humans to speak thoughts and feelings. ' 'Language can be described as patterned system of arbitrary sound signals, characterized by structure dependence, creative imagination, displacement, duality, and cultural transmission. ' (Aitchrson. 1987). One of the best ways to understand human vocabulary is to review it with animal interaction, and to discover where the commonalities & differences lie. We will do that in a while, but , ahead of that, let us try to understand how and how come language started. According to Hockett (1958), language can be " the most valuable sole possession of your race". Each of us makes use of language in' virtually anything we carry out. The use of terminology is an important part of being individual. Humboldt has even gone to the extent of saying that " person is man through the use of vocabulary alone". Yet, the use of language is so spontaneous and all-natural that we pay no more attention to it than we carry out to our breathing or to the beating of your hearts. Put into effect language a lot of for granted, only for a brief although, try and envision what our life would be like with out language.
Attributes of human being language: Dialect is a unique surprise given to humans alone. That brings persons together, it creates a obstacle for communication. It is a element of culture and it is transmitted through teaching and learning, coded by icons. According to Charles Hockett (1958), vocabulary is " the most useful EndyzNotes/IGNOU/MEG apr: Aspects of language/Block -01/02
one possession of a persons race", Each one of us employs language in' virtually everything we carry out. The use of terminology is an important part of being human being. Humboldt provides even gone to the extent of saying that " guy is man through the use of terminology alone". But, the use of vocabulary is so natural and organic that we pay out no more focus on it than we do to our breathing or to the beating of your hearts. One of the best ways to understand what human dialect is to assess it to Systems of animal communication and try to understand the similarities and differences between your two. Hockett listed following different design top features of human language...
(a) Use of sound signs: The use of audio signals just might be the most obvious feature of individual language. Nevertheless this feature is none unique to human beings neither all-important. It is far from unique to humans like a lot of additional animals also use sounds pertaining to communication. And it is not all-important because human beings can transfer language to visual icons and to responsive symbols. Therefore , this characteristic...