Chapter a few
Altering Mind through Prescription drugs
Psychoactive substances= drugs which may have psychological results such as arousal or distortion of awareness.
Stimulant=a drug that _________ the activity from the nervous program. Stimulants elevate mood, increase feelings of well-being, and increase energy and alertness.
Tobacco makes up more deaths in the U. S. than the combined total of alcohol, illicit medications, firearms, automobile accidents, suicides, homicides, and ASSISTS combined according to a 1999 study pointed out in your book.
MDMA sama dengan
Depressant=a medicine that _______ the rate of activity of the nervous program
Category I= drugs intended for _______ soreness (Dilaudid, Demerol, Fentanyl, Methadone) Category II= drugs to get ___________ pain (codeine, Percodan, Percocet, hydrocodone: Vicodin, Lortab) Category III= drugs to get ______ to moderate pain (Darvon, Darvocet) Cannabis=
Solvents and inhalants=
Most used drug in United States between high school seniors
(See graph 5. 4) pg 208
1 . alcohol1. alcohol
2 . marijuana 2 . cigarettes
3. cigarettes three or more. marijuana
" TriggersвЂќ sama dengan ____________ -- a look, a sound, a smell, a feeling -- that reminds someone of past medication or alcoholic beverages experiences and inspires cravings.
Substance Abuse: American Psychiatric Affiliation defines is as: a ____________consisting of prolonged use of a substance even though it is triggering or increasing problems in meeting the demands of lifestyle.
The Analysis and Statistical Manual-IV (DSM-IV) defines misuse as: A maladaptive pattern of compound use leading to clinically significant impairment or perhaps distress, since manifested by simply ___________ of the following, occurring _____________________. (see chart in next page) Most often, mistreatment is clinically diagnosed in people who recently started out using alcohol. Over time, maltreatment may improvement to dependence. However , several alcohol users abuse alcoholic beverages for very long periods without producing dependence.
Element Dependence: much more severe, having both _________ and __________ components. DSM-IV defines dependence as: A maladaptive style of substance use, bringing about clinically significant impairment or distress, since manifested simply by ________ from the following, occurring at any time __________________: (see graph on subsequent page) [DSM-IV, Analysis and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, ed. 4. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association (AMA). 1994. ] Risk signs in substance use:
Craving вЂ“ A strong ____ or_____ to use
Loss of control вЂ“ Not being able to _____ use once it has begun Physical dependence вЂ“ Withdrawal symptoms.
Tolerance вЂ“ The need to consume ______ numbers of drug to get accomplish _____ effects вЂўa requirement of markedly _______amounts of the compound to achieve intoxication or wanted effect
вЂўmarkedly ________ impact with continued use of the same amount of substance
Causes of Drug abuse and Dependence:
Usually begins with trial and error use like a teen.
The average age once youth initially try alcohol is:
____ years for boys
____ years for girls. The standard age at which Americans get started drinking on a regular basis is _____ years old.
| | | |Dependence |Abuse...